The Kremlin and Red Square

The Moscow Kremlin — the most ancient part of Moscow. The history of the Moscow Kremlin is closely bound with the major events of life of Russian state. In territory of the Kremlin Uspensky, Arkhangelsk and Blagoveshchensk cathedrals, and also a number of churches are located. Also there you can see the Tsar-gun and the Tsar-bell. Red Square — the main and most known area of Moscow, is located at walls of the Kremlin. On the area the Place of execution, a monument of Mininu and Pozharsky and the Mausoleum Vladimir Ilicha Lenin (Mausoleum) are located. Access on the area the round-the-clock. Also near to the Kremlin there is well-known an Aleksandrovsky garden and a Manezhnaya Square.

Exhibition of Achievements of the National economy

The All-Russia exhibition center - unique ensemble of architectural monuments of the various styles, formed throughout decades at the USSR. The size of territory of an exhibition - 2375 thousand in sq.m. Officially the exhibition has been opened in 1939, and bore name the All-Union agricultural exhibition. In 1959 the complex has been renamed in the Exhibition of achievements of a national economy. In 1992 the expocenter has received the present name. In All-Russia Exhibition Centre territory there are three fountains: two at the main pavilion — «Friendship of the people» and «the Stone flower» and one in the heart of territory — «the Gold ear».

Poklonnaja mountain

Poklonnaja mountain - a flat hill in the west of Moscow. Name occurrence usually explain that to the travelers arriving to Moscow, from this mountain the kind on its church opened. Here they stopped, prayed and put bows. But there is also other version - a place where bows — a version of feudal payments of Ancient Russia gathered, the duty paid to the prince at journey through its territory or at time stay on it.
There is a legend that in 1812 on a grief Poklonnoj Napoleon vainly waited delegation with keys from the Kremlin. In memory of events of war of 1812 on a grief are opened a museum-panorama "Borodino fight", the Triumphal arch is recreated. After the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945 it has been decided to construct on a grief Poklonnoj a memorial to the Victory. Today the memorial complex which has settled down on 135 hectares, includes the Central museum of the Great Patriotic War on the round area of Winners, a monument of the Victory and three temples of three faiths constructed in memory of victims in the war. St. George Pobedonostsa's temple has been constructed in 1995, the Memorial mosque is erected in 1997, and the Memorial synagogue - in 1998.

The Moscow Metro

Building of the Moscow Metro has begun in 1931. The first line - from station "Sokolniki" to station "Ohotnij rjad" and to stations "Culture Park" and "Smolensk" - has been opened further for general using on May, 15th, 1935, in 7 o'clock in the morning. Visible Soviet architects, artists, sculptors took part in underground designing. Majestic stations have been decorated by stained-glass windows, lists, mosaic, sculptural groups, are revetted by a various finishing stone. After war new stations built with smaller splendor. This aspiration to economy has depersonalized many stations, having transformed them into ordinary transport knots. In 2002 of the underground has fallen outside the limits the Moscow ring highway and continues to develop. Names of stations (including renamings) reflect features of building of capital, city history and the countries as a whole. Nowadays the Moscow Metro includes 12 lines (6 diametrical, 3 radial, 1 ring, 1 chord, 1 line of the easy underground) on which 172 stations, including 56 transfer are located. The general extent of lines of 278,3 km. The Moscow Metro begins the work in 05:30 mornings, finishes at 01:00.
Mountains Vorobyovy

Mountains Vorobyovy (1924—1991 гг Lenin mountains in honor of V.I.Lenin.) - the name of high right coast of the Moskva River, opposite to Luzniki. Woody slopes of mountains Vorobyovyh and quays (built in 1958—61) — a place of summer holiday of Muscovites. The area of park of 106 hectares. The place name has arisen by name of the villages Vorobyovo, existing here in the Middle Ages. On mountains Vorobyovyh there are Presidium buildings, of some institutes of the Russian Academy of Sciences, a complex of the Moscow State University with the central high-rise building and the viewing point is arranged, the magnificent panorama of a city whence opens. Also the ski springboard (it is built in 1953) and a mountain-skiing slope with the lift here operates.

The village Kolomenskoe, settled down on high, right coast of Moscow of the river, under the legend has been based by the inhabitants of Kolomenskoe running from Batyja. The first written mention arises in Ivan Kality's spiritual reading and writing in 1339 In XV—XVII centuries it is a place was at first palace grand-ducal, and after imperial manor. In 1960 the village was a part of a city of Moscow. With 1974 manor Kolomenskoe — the State istoriko-architectural memorial estate. In territory the general extent of 390 hectares at Moscow the rivers stretched park with architectural monuments, among which: Voznesenija Gospodnja Church (1529-1532) Church of the Kazan icon of Bozhiej mothers (XVII), Palace pavilion (1825), Peter I Small house (XVIII century) and a number of others.
Stalin skyscrapers

"Stalin skyscrapers" — seven high-rise buildings (the Apartment house on Kotelnichesky quay, hotel "Ukraine", the Ministry for Foreign Affairs building, an apartment house on the Kudrinsky area, it is administrative-residential building on the area of Red gate, hotel "Leningrad", the main building of the Moscow State University on mountains Vorobyovyh), constructed in Moscow in 1940-1950th years, as a symbol of power of the Soviet people which have won the Great Patriotic War, as an embodiment of "a future city" which should become capital. The given buildings are top of a post-war Soviet empire style in city architecture. On I. V.Stalin's plan the eighth skyscraper - the Palace of Councils should be still erected. But in connection with his death building of the eighth skyscraper hasn't taken place.
The Moscow zoo

The Moscow zoo has been organized by Russian Imperial Society of acclimatization of animals and plants in 1864. The professor of the Moscow University Anatoly Petrovich Bogdanov became one of the main initiators of its creation. He named a zoo «a live museum in the open air». In zoo territory Presnensky ponds are located, and the Big pond has remained from the moment of zoo creation. Now in a collection of a zoo more than 1000 kinds of animals. Besides display of variety of fauna, in a zoo study its separate representatives, feature of behavior, a food and reproduction of wild animals in bondage, search of ways of the prevention and treatment of their illnesses is carried out. Annually in the Zoo happens about 1,5 million persons, excursions and lectures on zoology, consultation and other actions are led.



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